The rose is unquestionably the queen of flowers and every decent plant lover owns at least one variety, either on the balcony or in the garden. In order to be able to enjoy their blaze of color to the fullest, you have to know their preferences and use the right care. One of the most important moments in rose care is the way it needs to be pruned back. After all, the wrong time and method can do more harm than good. We have therefore put together some helpful basics and tips for cutting roses in autumn or spring, so that nothing can go wrong!
Pruning roses in autumn or spring should not be neglected
The advantages of pruning roses for gardeners and plants
Pruning their favorite roses intimidates many hobby gardeners. It’s not that difficult task, however, and you don’t have to be a professional to master it. Especially when you know the reasons and benefits of pruning roses, the whole thing becomes a lot less daunting.
First, pruning allows you to give your roses the look you want and keep wild overgrowth under control.
The second reason is related to the flowers – trimming allows the rose to focus on producing large buds or abundant flowering rather than developing and expanding the stems. Third, removing old and withered stems helps improve air circulation in the plant itself and prevents it from developing disease. Therefore, pruning rejuvenates and strengthens the plant and promotes vigorous flower formation.
Only roses that have been properly trimmed look so pretty and voluminous
Roses cut in autumn or spring?
Following the general basics, pruning the roses begins either in late fall or in spring. If spring is your choice, it is important to know that this is when you will need to prune the roses before new leaves appear. New growth is a sure sign that the plant is awakening from hibernation. The optimal period is therefore usually between February and March or when the forsythia bloom.
Always use well-sharpened and clean tools when trimming. This allows you to be sure that you will not injure the plant or infect it with unwanted diseases. Experienced gardeners advise washing tools with bleach to disinfect before and after use. Always wear thick gardening gloves to protect your hands.
The perfect time to trim is when the gold bells are in bloom
How to properly cut the roses?
The big question now remains, how exactly do you prune your favorite roses? Generally there are three types of cut: strong, moderate and light. The choice is directly related to the type of rose, the rate of growth and the current condition of the plant.
The light cut removes about 1/3 the volume of the plant and results in an elongated shrub with numerous but small flowers. Heavy pruning means removing more than half of the plant, which usually results in fewer but more voluminous flowers. The most common choice for gardeners is a moderate pruning, which involves removing about half of the shrub to ensure the production of beautiful flowers and healthy growth.
How hard you need to prune your roses depends on their condition
Easy cut for more flowers
Moderate cut for strong branches and large flowers
First remove all dry and dead, as well as tangled and tightly packed shoots, old, withered leaves or flowers and wild shoots. It is important that there are no crossed and thickened branches in the center of the shrub. The exact cutting position is approx. 6 mm above the leaf knot, at an angle of 45 degrees. Newly planted roses are not pruned; annuals only need a light pruning. Avoid pruning roses in winter when temperatures are low and there is snow. Always cut off damaged branches in a healthy area.
Even vigorous trimming stimulates the roses to grow quickly
But roses cut properly in autumn or spring – always follow the 45-degree rule
Only cut off sick branches where they are already healthy
Properly prune according to the type of rose
Climbing roses. The prevailing opinion about pruning climbing roses is to let them grow unmoved for a few years. The strongest trunk is then selected to serve as a guide and base. Remove any remaining weak, intertwined, underdeveloped, and dried twigs.
Climbing roses grow best on fences and are the ideal privacy screen
Floribundaroses. This type of rose is characterized by lush and impressive flowers and is a cross between a tea hybrid and a tuft rose. Floribunda roses are mostly planted in groups to form a kind of hedge. Therefore, depending on the condition of the plant, it is good to make a light to moderate pruning to remove the damaged, thin, and tangled shoots. During the flowering period, trimming old flowers will encourage new buds to emerge more quickly.
Be careful not to separate these intergrown boys
Hybrid tea. It is characteristic of hybrid tea that the flowers are arranged in three rows and bloom throughout the active season with short breaks in between. These roses will not only become a decoration in the garden, but also as cut flowers cultivated. It is therefore advisable to leave 4 to 8 strong main branches when trimming, with weaker branches being allowed to have fewer buds.
These Roses smell gorgeous in the garden
Dwarf roses. These are small roses with tiny flowers that do just as well in the garden as in pots. Cut only the inner, thickened branches here for improved air circulation or from the third bud.
Miniature roses are very robust and easy to care for
Tree roses. These roses are characterized by single tall stems that create a tree-like appearance and can grow up to 160 cm high. They are only pruned back in spring to create a pretty round crown. After the flowering period, cut the branches down to the first well-developed leaf.
Refined tree roses are quite delicate, but can also grow beautifully in pots
Different roses have different care requirements
There are so many other rose varieties and it is therefore advisable to find out about their specific cultivation and, in particular, about the type of pruning when purchasing. Sometimes a certain subspecies can have very individual requirements despite general principles. To make sure you have the healthiest and most beautifully shaped roses that you will get in return most enchanting blaze of color you should never neglect the annual cut.
Roses cut in autumn and spring is good for your plants